The top of all sails is called the head, the leading edge is called the luff, the trailing edge is the leech, and the bottom edge is the foot. Head – The head is the upper edge of the sail, and is attached at the throat and peak to a gaff, yard, or sprit.
What are the parts of a sail called?
Parts of a Sail
- Luff -A sail’s forward edge. …
- Leech – The sail’s back edge.
- Foot – The bottom edge of the sail.
- Tack – Between the luff and the foot is the tack. …
- Head – The corner at the top of the sail between the luff and the leech.
- Clew – The third triangle of a sail between the leech and the foot.
What is the back of a sail called?
1. Aft – The back of a ship. If something is located aft, it is at the back of the sailboat. The aft is also known as the stern.
What is a sail cringle?
A cringle is an eye through which to pass a rope. In nautical settings, the word refers to a small hole anywhere along the edge or in the corner of a sail, rimmed with stranded cordage and worked into the boltrope. Typically it encloses a metal grommet for reinforcement and to reduce wear.
What do you call the lines and the sails?
The rope that runs up the mast to pull up the mainsail is called the halyard and to bring the sail down the line is called the downhaul. The lines that are used when sailing are called sheets and each sheet will refer to the sail that it controls.
What are the 3 sides of a sail called?
The top of all sails is called the head, the leading edge is called the luff, the trailing edge is the leech, and the bottom edge is the foot. Head – The head is the upper edge of the sail, and is attached at the throat and peak to a gaff, yard, or sprit. For a triangular sail the head refers to the topmost corner.
What is the structure of a sailboat?
Sailboats range in size and complexity, but all have basically the same four components. The hull carries the passengers and supports the rigging. The rigging includes many parts of the sailboat, such as the lines (sheets and halyards), mainsail, headsail (jib), boom, and mast.
What is the front sail called?
Let’s start with the jib sail, the sail at the front of the boat. The tack is attached to the bow. The clew is attached to the jib sheets that control the shape of then when you set the sail.
What are ropes called on a boat?
Actually, only a few of the “ropes” on a boat are called ropes, most are called lines. Ropes or wires that hold up masts are collectively known as standing rigging and are called shrouds or stays (the stay connecting the top of the mast to the bow is called the forestay or headstay).
What are the strings on sails for?
A tell-tale, also known as a tell-tail, in a nautical or sailing context, is a piece of yarn or fabric attached to a sail, a stay, or any rigging on a sailboat. Typically, a tell-tail is on a port and a starboard stay. Tell-tales attached to a sail are used as a guide for trimming (adjusting) a sail.
What is a staysail on a sailboat?
A staysail (“stays’l”) is a fore-and-aft rigged sail whose luff can be affixed to a stay running forward (and most often but not always downwards) from a mast to the deck, the bowsprit, or to another mast (the mast is item 13 in the illustration right).
What is a Cunningham on a sailboat?
The cunningham controls the fore and aft position of draft in the mainsail or genoa and works together with the traveler, mainsheet, outhaul and vang to optimize sail shape and increase boatspeed. Cunningham controls lead to the crew to encourage adjustment as wind speed changes.
Is a spinnaker a sail?
A spinnaker is a particular type of sail designed for use when a boat is reaching or sailing ‘off the wind’. For example, when on a broad reach or run. … On the water, spinnakers usually stand out as they are usually bright in colour and as a rule they are the largest sail on the boat.
What is the aft sail on a sailboat called?
The mizzenmast is the aft-most (rear) mast on a sailboat with three or more masts or the mast behind the mainmast on a boat with two masts. The mizzenmast carries the mizzen sail. On a two-masted boat, the mizzenmast is always (slightly) smaller than the mainmast.
What are sheets on a boat?
Sailboat Sheets and Guys are ropes or lines that are used to trim a sail. Sheets are attached directly to the clew of most sails, the exception being the mainsail.