To explore the Pacific, early voyagers needed canoes that were strong and seaworthy. Today these are called vaka, va’a, waka, or wa’a – depending on where in Polynesia you are. The first Europeans who ventured into the Pacific marvelled at the skill with which these canoes were made.
What were simple Polynesian canoes called?
Catamarans and single-outrigger canoes are the traditional configurations in Polynesia, Micronesia, and Madagascar. In the Pacific Islands, a single outrigger float is called an ama. It is connected to the main hull by spars called ʻiako (Hawaiian), ʻiato (Tahitian), or kiato (Māori).
What was the sailing vessel used by early Polynesian explorers called?
Voyaging Canoes & Sails
Polynesians mariners developed the double-hulled canoe (also called a catamaran). Some of their voyaging canoes were longer than Cook’s Endeavour, which was approximately 30 metres (98 feet), although the average length for the canoes was 15.2-22.8 metres (50-75 feet).
What type of boat did the Polynesians use to travel?
She is the Hokule’a, Hawaii’s famous voyaging canoe, built in the double-hulled style used by Polynesian navigators thousands of years ago to cross the Pacific.
What were Polynesian canoes made of?
The pōpao is the Tongan outrigger canoe, one of the smaller vessels of Polynesian navigation. The canoe’s hull is carved out of a tree trunk and sticks (sometimes made out of bamboo) are usually used for the crossbeams that connect the outrigger or smaller hull.
What are Hawaiian canoes called?
Kai ‘Opua – Our Canoes
The outrigger canoe (Hawaiian: wa’a; Filipino and Indonesian: bangka; Maori: waka ama; Tahitian and Samoan:va’a) is a type of canoe featuring one or more lateral support floats known as outriggers, which are fastened to one or both sides of the main hull.
What is an AMA canoe?
The term ama is a word in the Polynesian and Micronesian languages to describe the outrigger part of a canoe to provide stability. … In modern sailing, the term is sometimes used to refer to the outrigger on double-outrigger canoes (trimarans), or the two sections of a catamaran.
Why did the Polynesians use double hulled canoes?
View from the rear of a replica Polynesian canoe.
The two hulls gave this craft stability and the capacity to carry heavy loads of migrating families and all their supplies and equipment, while a central platform laid over the crossbeams provided the needed working, living, and storage space.
What is the crab claw design seen in Hawaiian double hulled voyaging canoes?
The “crab-claw” sail design can also be seen in an ancient petroglyph on Maui. The name given to the canoe, Hokule’a, came to Herb Kane in a dream. Hokule’a means “Star of Gladness” and is the Hawaiian name for the star Arcturus, a navigational star at the zenith in Hawaii.
When was the double hulled canoe invented?
This double canoe was sketched off the New Zealand coast in 1769 by Herman Spöring. It has a double spritsail rig and appears to be made from two canoes of different length and design lashed together.
Why did Polynesians stop voyaging?
They determined that the El Nino pattern would have created very strong winds around Tonga and Samoa that would have been extremely difficult to maneuver around in the ancient sail vessels used by the Polynesians. … Unable to go any further, the Polynesians stopped voyaging.
How did Polynesians get fresh water?
Water was carried in gourds and sections of bamboo and stored along with drinking coconuts wherever space or ballast needs dictated. … Slips, cuttings, tubers and young plants were first swathed in fresh water-moistened moss, then swaddled in dry ti-leaf, kapa (bark cloth), or skin from the banana tree.
What percent of Polynesia is land?
Among its 118 islands and atolls, 67 are inhabited.
|French Polynesia Polynésie française (French) Pōrīnetia Farāni (Tahitian)|
|• Total||4,167 km2 (1,609 sq mi)|
|• Land||3,521.2 km2 (1,359.5 sq mi)|
|• Water (%)||12|
How big were Polynesian voyaging canoes?
These canoes ranged up to 20 m in length; they were used for deep-sea voyaging, and Haddon and Hornell suggest they could have been involved in early voyages to New Zealand (6).
What were Hawaiian canoes made of?
Often a person who had special skills was needed to perform specific tasks. Sometimes tools and materials that were needed to build a canoe would be limited. Hawaiians would use the fine wood of the koa tree and hollow it out to form a single hull canoe.
What Wood did Polynesians use?
Often these canoes were hollowed out from a single Totara log; being chosen long before it was felled. The Māori also used the wood for large carvings and framing for whare (housing).